Trauma-informed Pedagogies

This week, many communities and institutions in the US are observing the one year anniversary of life upended by COVID-19. For teachers in higher education, this anniversary is yet another reminder that trauma-informed pedagogy is essential to healthy life and learning in the classroom.

How different our world and outlook compared to this depiction of “Bright Future” by Norman Rockwell circa 1955! Both of these images were published online, March 9, 2021.

Bright Future for Banking” by Norman Rockwell, circa 1955.
Detail of Untitled, 2021.

Special issue on Trauma-Informed Pedagogies in the Religious Studies Classroom, Spotlight on Teaching, Religious Studies News. March 9, 2021.


Editor’s Introduction
Jessica L. Tinklenberg

What is Trauma? What is a Trauma-Informed Approach?
Darryl W. Stephens

Gender-Based Violence and Muslim Communities: Trauma Processing through Art
Julianne Hammer

Addressing Race in the Classroom: A Trauma-Informed Communal Embodied Practice
Leah Thomas

We Have to Tell the Truth: A Liberative Approach to Trauma-Informed Pedagogy
Oluwatomisin Oredein

Passing by/through/in Written Word
Alexiana Fry

Getting Comfortable with Being Uncomfortable: Reflections on Running and Teaching
Elizabeth Vasko

Trauma-informed Pedagogy of Courage, Connection, and Celebration: Using the Narrative Exercise of the “Tree of Life”
AHyun Lee

Fostering Collaboration and Agency in an Antiracist, Trauma-Informed Classroom: Creating Community Learning Agreements through Reflective Practice
Ryan Rideau

Breathing | Being | Praying Meditations: The Generative Possibilities of the Arts
Yohana Agra Junker

Critical Reflection Ensuing from Traumatic Events and Ideology Critique
Ella Johnson

In Defense of the Simple Writing Assignment
Liora Gubkin

God is Our Refuge

God is our refuge and strength,
a very present help in trouble.
Therefore we will not fear,
though the earth should change, . . .
“Be still, and know that I am God!”
. . . the God of Jacob is our refuge.

Psalm 46, NRSV

A colleague in ministry called me recently. A phone call! Not a Zoom session, not a scheduled meeting, not an email or text. It was a spontaneous human connection. Her unexpected intrusion into my Monday morning was a welcome reminder that God is with us, a very present help in time of trouble.

We talked about the challenges of life since COVID. We shared what was weighing on our hearts—the difficulties of social distancing, disrupted activities, and stresses on family life. As we talked, I looked out the window of my home office and took notice of in incoming squall. Huge, puffy snowflakes were coming down, quickly and silently covering everything in view, adding to the layers of whiteness I had shoveled only a few days before. The words of the psalmist echoed, though the earth should change . . . .

“I like the snow,” I remarked to my friend as we each stared out our respective windows in wonderment. Snow was upending plans for work and school, adding to our chores for the day. Yet, the disruption seemed to validate the world as it has become. Here was a visible, tangible affirmation of the long winter of COVID we have experienced for nearly a full year. The weather mirrored our reality. God is in the midst of the city.

“Be still, and know that I am God!” Even as God’s battle cry resounds across the earth, we await the cessation of wars. Our troubles are not over. Loved ones continue to die. The nations are in an uproar. Life with COVID has seemed an unendurably long Lent. Would that this wilderness experience last only forty days! Yet, during this season of preparation, we will not fear. God is our refuge and strength. Friends, during this COVID Lent—no matter how many days it may last— the God of Jacob is our refuge. We can be assured of God’s steadfastness even as we lament, grieve, repent, hope, and celebrate. God is big enough to encompass the full range of our human experiences and emotions. The Psalms attest to this. And through worship, liturgy, rituals, and sacraments, the church provides us means to connect with God in all seasons of life. No matter the mode of technology or social distancing, God is with us. God is our refuge and strength.

This post originally appeared in the weekly newsletter of the Penn Central Conference of the United Church of Christ, March 10, 2021.

Searching for the Kin-dom?

Bearing Witness in the Kin-dom: Living into the Church’s Moral Witness through Radical Discipleship is the #1 New Release in Methodist Christianity on Amazon, as of March 9, 2021.

Imagine God’s Justice and Lead with Compassion

Love. Justice. Solidarity. Living as siblings in the “kin-dom” of God requires bold faith. Women in the United Methodist tradition have courageously led ministries in race relations, creation care, substance abuse, sexual orientation and inclusion, poverty, relationships with indigenous nations, and other concerns. However, The United Methodist Church and its predecessors have a sometimes-uneven history of resisting the evil and violence that damage the world. This book explores this history, empowering us to imagine God’s justice and to lead with compassion. Together, we bear witness to God’s gracious presence in ways that make a material difference to all of creation, all persons, especially victims of injustice and those who are most vulnerable. This is the moral witness of the church.

Bearing Witness in the Kin-dom: Living into the Church’s Moral Witness through Radical Discipleship is the 2021 Spiritual Growth Study for United Methodist Women. Also available in Spanish and Korean. See details.

Interview with the Author

Interview, “Faith Talks: Black History Month,” United Methodist Women podcast hosted by Jennifer Farmer. February 11, 2021.

Faith and the Politics of Immigration

I was a stranger and you welcomed me


Jesus was a migrant. Mary and Joseph fled to Egypt with their infant son to escape political persecution. Similar stories happen today. Families with boys named Jesús flee poverty, war, and persecution to find sanctuary across national borders. What does our faith say about this?

Politics is divisive, particularly at the intersection of racism and immigration. We acknowledged that many people harbor a common fear: How are immigrants going to change us, our culture and society? One participant remarked, “Immigration policy can be racism at its boldest.” Perhaps because of widespread divisiveness and fear, we came with a shared desire to hear real stories.

In the third of a series of workshops on the theme “Becoming an Antiracist Community,” the Orders of Deacons of the Peninsula-Delaware and Eastern Pennsylvania Annual Conferences discussed “The Racial Politics of Immigration: Dreamer Story Sharing,” February 20, 2021.

Discussion leader, the Rev. Carlos S. Reyes Rodríguez, is the Racial Equity & Community Engagement Manager for National Justice for Our Neighbors.

Our workshop proceeded from head to heart to action. We sought to learn from the bible, Social Principles, resolutions of The United Methodist Church, and US law and policies. We heard from a “dreamer”—a young woman born abroad, seeking refuge in the United States. And we were challenged to put our faith into action.


The US is a country of immigrants. Today, over 44 million people in the United States were born beyond US borders. The Rev. Carlos S. Reyes Rodríguez shared this statistic and other information about US and worldwide immigration as he invited us to consider the politics of immigration in light of our faith. (Powerpoint Slides)

The Dream Act was a particular focus of conversation. According to the National Immigration Law Center, “On June 15, 2012, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced that it would not deport certain undocumented youth who came to the United States as children. Under a directive from the DHS secretary, these youth may be granted a type of temporary permission to stay in the U.S. called ‘deferred action.’ The Obama administration called this program Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA.” This program has been in flux during the past four years under two different administrations.

We also studied what the church says about immigration. The UMC supports the DREAM Act. The UMC also speaks to “Welcoming the Migrant to the US” in its Book of Resolutions.


The political became personal when we heard from B, a student at Delaware State University. DSU is one of only five public schools in the US that has scholarships for undocumented immigrants to attend. B shared about growing up in the US as an immigrant. Her parents brought her to the US when she was three years old. She did not learn she was undocumented until she was ten or eleven, after being chosen for the youth olympic soccer team. It was then that her parents told her that her olympic dream was impossible.

B also told us about growing up with nightmares about the border crossing. She experienced hostility in school as early as first grade, encountering racism from teachers. Teachers told her not to speak Spanish in school; when she spoke to a classmate who could not speak English, she was sent to the principal’s office and subsequently expelled.

B shared many other experiences of life in the US for an immigrant, stories better heard directly from her and others. She is preparing to graduate from college this year and hopes to go to law school.


Carlos asked, How has faith and community played a role in her life? B answered,

“My parents are very religious. This has helped me because I feel God has been with me every step of the way.”

—B, an undocumented immigrant, a DREAMer

Information and statistics informed our heads; B informed our hearts and moved us to action. B’s personal story moved us in ways that statistics of millions of dreamers could not. Her perseverance, courage, and witness prompted us to consider how we might put faith into action.

Each of us will bear witness to B’s reality in different ways. I invite you to listen to the story of a dreamer, to bear witness to the immigrants in your community, to welcome the stranger. How will you be motivated to put your faith into action?

If you feel called to a lifetime ministry of love, justice, and service, consider exploring the several avenues of diakonia available in The United Methodist Church: deaconess, home missioner, and deacon.

Previous events in this series: “The Role of Anger in the Work of Justice and Love,” November 2020; and “Who’s Afraid of Critical Race Theory?” January 26, 2021.

Suggested Readings and Resources

American Immigration Council, Fact Sheet

Deaconess Cindy Andrade Johnson

General Board of Church and Society

Immigrant Neighbors Among Us: Immigration across Theological Traditions, edited by M. Daniel Carroll R. and Leopoldo A. Sánchez M.

Justice for Our Neighbors (JFON), Delaware-Valley,

Justice for Our Neighbors (JFON), National,

Letter from Justice for Our Neighbors, January 2021.

M. Daniel Carroll R. Christians at the Border: Immigration, the Church, & the Bible

Maruskin, Joan M. Immigration and the Bible: A Guide for Radical Welcome (also available in Spanish)

Migration Policy Institute. “Data and Analysis Related to Trump Administration Actions on Immigrant and Refugee Policy”

Migration Policy Institute. “Dismantling and Reconstructing the U.S. Immigration System: A Catalog of Changes under the Trump Presidency,” July 2020.

Rajendra, Trisha M. Migrants and Citizens: Justice and Responsibility in the Ethics of Immigration

UM Global series on immigration:

UMC Social Principles para. 162.H.

UMC Resolution #3164, DREAM Act.

UMC Resolution #3281, Welcoming the Migrant to the US.


    The Unafraid

    Trails of Hope and Terror

    Kill the Messenger